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The Bulk Port Operator’s Workshop
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The Bulk Port Operator’s Workshop

1-Day Training Course. An Essential Guide to Understanding Ships & the How & Why of Optimising the Loading Process

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Key Learning Objectives

  • Gain a well-rounded general knowledge of bulk shipping
  • Develop an understanding of critical ship board operations
  • Review key safety and environmental issues for bulk carriers
  • Appreciate the commercial imperatives of ships and ports
  • Insights into other key players involved in a port operation (outside of the ship and loader personnel)
  • Appreciate the role of ship’s personnel

About the Course

Australia’s economy is fuelled by the billions of dollars of raw materials that are exported through our ports. Bulk Ports form a critical part of our economic activity, and GDP. Therefore, the efficiency in which we export these bulk materials is paramount. Bulk port operators have a key role to play.

Our bulk ports are regularly breaking production records in terms of millions of tonnes loaded per month. Bulk port operators are the people who make this happen. However, how can we be sure we are being the most efficient and effective we can be? Are the ships being loaded with an appreciation and understanding of what can go wrong?

As port operators are the link between the product and the customer, it’s vital that operators have as much understanding as possible about the equipment they are using, the vessels they are loading, and of the big picture, and where they fit as operators. Without this, a sense of ownership, respect and commitment cannot happen.

This course has been designed to provide a succinct, practical, relevant guide to how ships are designed and structured, and why the loading and unloading facilities have been designed the way they have, and how to use this understanding to ensure an optimal loading/unloading process that minimises structural ship fatigue, failures, operational accidents and inefficiency.

It also explains in detail the loading process, and aims to provide an appreciation of all of the aspects with regard to ship procedures that affect the loading process such as customs, quarantine, port state control, crew changes, bunkers and drills.

The course will be practical, informative and useful for any operator.

Who Will Benefit

All those who are involved with the handling of bulk cargoes, loading, unloading and piloting ships. Job titles can include stevedores, terminal operators, pilots, harbour masters, port managers, and general port personnel along with office staff who need to have an appreciation of ship operations

A CPD Course

For those who have a professional status and require Continuing Professional Development (CPD) to retain your status, you can use this course to fulfil the educational requirements. Contact your association to learn how.

Course Outline



  • Load plan to the port
  • Understanding the ‘why’ behind de-ballasting
  • How de-ballasting can go wrong and how to prevent it
  • Limiting factors such as weather/sea conditions, if vessel going to anchor, quarantine restrictions and on board treatment of ballast water
  • Cleaning of holds
  • Confirmation of cargo, availability, load rates, planned time alongside and ETD


  • Anchorage or immediately alongside
  • Hold inspection – particularly grain cargoes
  • Relevant Charter Party Clauses e.g. Notice of Readiness
  • De-ballast to lighten up if not already completed
  • Critical issues – propeller immersion and pilot ladder
  • if Pilot boarding by boat

  • Hatches open


  • Customs
  • Quarantine
  • AMSA – Port State Control
  • Port requirements e.g. security
  • Stores/Provisions/Fresh Water
  • Repairs
  • Crew changes
  • Bunkers
  • Drills


  • Construction
  • Types and sizes
  • History – loss of bulk carriers that loaded at Australian ports e.g. Derbyshire
  • Stresses on the hull
  • Types of cargoes
  • Angle of repose
  • Stowage factor
  • Ventilation
  • Hygroscopic cargoes


  • Load Plan in parallel with de-ballast
  • Draught Survey
  • Sequence of loading may change
    • Slow loading
    • De-ballast is either fast or slow
    • Breakdowns – ship or shore
  • Ship Shifts
  • Retract loader
  • Moorings
  • Overloading of a hold or vessel generally
  • Fatigue of ship’s personnel
  • Spillage of cargo, dust and OH&S issues generally
  • Last pours
    • Meeting a sailing time
    • Required sailing draught
    • Running off the belt
  • Weather
    • Rain
    • Cycloness


  • Hatches secured – if spillage this can delay departure or may result in vessel going to anchor – delays costs – who pays?
  • Final Draught Survey – Independent Cargo Surveyor
  • Bill of Lading to be finalised and signed
  • Sailing on the tide – critical time

On-site & in-house training

Deliver this course how you want, where you want, when you want – and save up to 40%! 8+ employees seeking training on the same topic?

Talk to us about an on-site/in-house & customised solution.


Still have a question?

Sushil Kunwar
Training Consultant
+61 (0)2 9080 4395

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