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Course Outline

 

  INTRODUCTION Download Course Brochure
  UNDERSTANDING RISK
 
  • What is risk and how is it measured?
  • The relevant risk management standards e.g. AS/NZS ISO 31000: 2009 ,ISO/IEC 31010: 2009 and IEC62278:2002/ EN 50126
  • Key safety terminology and concepts requirements and standards
  • Common problems encountered
  • Human and behavioural factors
  • Relationship between accidents, hazards, causes, failures, faults and errors
   
 

UNDERSTANDING THE RAIL PARADIGM

 

The sources of railway risk including safety incident precursors caused by:

  • Failings in the design of processes, standards, rules and procedures
  • Human factors issues of staff, contractors and passengers
  • Environmental factors
  • Failings of equipment and Degraded modes

ACTIVITY: Review a Railway Accident Investigation reports

   
 

DIFFERENT RISK AREAS

 

The relationship between

  • Engineering safety change
  • Work Health Safety
  • Environmental
  • Operational risk assessment

A review of rules, procedures and instructions used by the railway operations and engineering. Risk Assessment throughout the project and operation lifecycle phases and the tools used.

   
 

THE RISK TOOLBOX PROS AND CONS

 

The application and limits of:

  • Checklists and Brainstorming
  • FMEA
  • Preliminary Hazard Analysis
  • Hazard Operability Studies (HAZOP)
  • Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)
  • Event Tree Analysis
  • SWIFT

ACTIVITY: Selecting Risk Assessment Process

   
 

RISK PROFILES

 
  • What is a risk profile?
  • Understanding just what a risk profile is
  • Why an accurate risk profile is essential to any rail organisation
  • How to go about producing a risk profile
  • Why you need a risk profile and how to use it

ACTIVITY: Develop a Hazard Profile

  • Principle hazards
  • Exposure to hazards
  • Profiling the organisation against the hazards
   
  PART 1 – RISK ASSESSMENT PROCESS
   
 

PREPARATION

 
  • Stakeholders and sponsor requirements
  • Timeframes and scope of work
   
 

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION

 
  • Familiarisation
  • Initial (Kick-off) meeting and Site visit
  • Document review and stakeholder consultation
  • The hazard identification exercise and output
   
 

HAZARD ANALYSIS

 
  • Hazard and hazard logs
  • Causes/Consequences
  • Existing controls and further mitigation
   
 

RISK ESTIMATION

 
  • Qualitative vs Quantitative risk estimation
  • Collective risk and Individual risk
   
 

ALARP EVALUATION

 
  • Gross disproportion concept
  • Cost Benefit Analysis
  • Requirement for CBA
  • Hierarchy of hazard control

ACTIVITY: Scoping out a risk assessment and selecting the process

   
 

PART 2 – RISK ASSESSMENT TOOLS

 

CHECKLISTS

  • Sources of data, limitations and advantages

ACTIVITY: Critique a Checklist assessment

 

BRAINSTORMING

  Good and bad approaches, limitations and opportunities.
 

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION (HAZID)

 
  • What is a HAZID
  • When to use a HAZID
  • What are the benefits of a HAZID
  • Process for developing a HAZID
  • Safe work procedures and HAZID

ACTIVITY: Hazard Identification Workshop Preparation, Roles, Location, facilities and timing

  • Briefing note
  • Setup and Running the workshop
  • Initial presentation
  • Capturing hazard information
  • Workshop record and review
 

HAZARD AND OPERABILITY (HAZOP)

 
  • What is a HAZOP
  • When to use HAZOP
  • What are the benefits of using HAZOP
  • What are the limitations of HAZOP
  • Process for performing HAZOP
    >> Planning & preparation
    >> Assessment criteria
    >> Hazard profile
    >> Incident scenarios
    >> Calculating a risks value
    >> Action planning
  • Common pitfalls using HAZOP

ACTIVITY:

  • Scoping out HAZOP exercise
  • Participant ACTIVITY & Information sources
  • ACTIVITY processes formation
   
 

PRELIMINARY HAZARD ANALYSIS (PHA)

 
  • What is a PHA
  • When to use a PHA
  • What are the benefits of a PHA
  • Process for developing a PHA

ACTIVITY: PHA: Develop a PHA for a new signalling train control system

 

INTERFACE HAZARD ANALYSIS (IHA)

 
  • What is an IHA
  • When to use an IHA
  • What are the benefits of an IHA
  • Process for developing an IHA
 

OPERATING AND SUPPORT HAZARD ANALYSIS (OSHA)

 
  • What is an OSHA
  • When to use an OSHA
  • What are the benefits of an OSHA
  • Process for developing an OSHA
 

FAILURE MODES, EFFECTS AND CRITICALITY ANALYSIS

 
  • What is an FMECA and an FMEA
  • When to use them
  • What are the benefits of them and the bottom up approach?
  • Process for developing them

ACTIVITY: FMEA: exercise of a simple safety system used on the railway – Level Crossing

   
 

FAULT TREE ANALYSIS

 
  • What is FTA
  • When to use FTA
  • What are the benefits of the top down approach?
  • Process for developing them

ACTIVITY: Fault Tree: exercise of a simple safety system used on the railway – Level Crossing

 

EVENT TREE ANALYSIS

 
  • What is FMECA and FMEA
  • When to use a them
  • What are the benefits of them?
  • Process for developing them

ACTIVITY: Event Tree: development of an ETA for an operational safety scenario for train movements

 

AND FINALLY, STRUCTURED WHAT IF (SWIFT)

 
  • What is SWIFT
  • When to use a it
  • What are the benefits of it and the process for development?
  SUM UP AND THE WAY FORWARD
 

ACTIVITY: Poster Session

 

AFFIRMATION OF THE WAY FORWARD – NOT JUST ANOTHER COURSE!

   
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