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Course Outline

  THE PURPOSE AND GOAL OF A PORT OPERATION Download Course Brochure
  PRE-ARRIVAL
 
  • Load plan to the port
  • Understanding the 'why' behind de-ballasting
  • How de-ballasting can go wrong and how to prevent it
  • Limiting factors such as weather/sea conditions, if vessel going to anchor, quarantine restrictions and on board treatment of ballast water
  • Cleaning of holds
  • Confirmation of cargo, availability, load rates, planned time alongside and ETD
   
  ARRIVAL
 
  • Anchorage or immediately alongside
  • Hold inspection – particularly grain cargoes
  • Relevant Charter Party Clauses e.g. Notice of Readiness
  • De-ballast to lighten up if not already completed
  • Critical issues – propeller immersion and pilot ladder
  • if Pilot boarding by boat
  • Hatches open
   
  ALONGSIDE AND READY TO LOAD BUT WHAT ELSE IS HAPPENING ON BOARD?
 
  • Customs
  • Quarantine
  • AMSA – Port State Control
  • Port requirements e.g. security
  • Stores/Provisions/Fresh Water
  • Repairs
  • Crew changes
  • Bunkers
  • Drills
   
  A TYPICAL BULK CARRIER
 
  • Construction
  • Types and sizes
  • History – loss of bulk carriers that loaded at Australian ports e.g. Derbyshire
  • Stresses on the hull
  • Types of cargoes
  • Angle of repose
  • Stowage factor
  • Ventilation
  • Hygroscopic cargoes
   
  LOADING
 
  • Load Plan in parallel with de-ballast
  • Draught Survey
  • Sequence of loading may change
    • Slow loading
    • De-ballast is either fast or slow
    • Breakdowns – ship or shore
  • Ship Shifts
  • Retract loader
  • Moorings
  • Overloading of a hold or vessel generally
  • Fatigue of ship's personnel
  • Spillage of cargo, dust and OH&S issues generally
  • Last pours
    • Meeting a sailing time
    • Required sailing draught
    • Running off the belt
  • Weather
    • Rain
    • Cycloness
   
  UPON COMPLETION
 
  • Hatches secured – if spillage this can delay departure or may result in vessel going to anchor – delays costs - who pays?
  • Final Draught Survey – Independent Cargo Surveyor
  • Bill of Lading to be finalised and signed
  • Sailing on the tide – critical time
   
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